Exponential Form: Exponentiation is a mathematical operation, written as b^n , involving two numbers, the base b and the exponent n . When n  is a positive integer, exponentiation corresponds to repeated multiplication of the base: that is b^n , is the product of multiplying n  bases:

b^n=b\times b\times b\times ... \times b m57x

In that case,b^n , is called the n^{th}  power of b , or b  raised to the power n .

When n  is a negative integer and b  is not zero,  b^{-n}   is naturally defined as \frac{1}{b^n}


  1. If \frac{p}{q} is a rational number, then (\frac{p}{q})^m=\frac{p^m}{q^m}
  2. Reciprocal of \frac{p}{q} \ is\ \frac{q}{p}, \ where \ p\neq 0 \ and\ q\neq 0
  3. Let x be any non-zero real number and m and n be positive integers:

x^m\times x^n= x^{m+n}

\frac{x^m}{x^n}=x^{m-n}, \ where \ m>n \ and\  \frac{x^m}{x^n}=\frac{1}{x^{n-m}}, where \ n>m





x^{-m}=\frac{1}{x^m} \ and\ \frac{1}{x^{-m}}=x^m

If  x^m=x^n, \ then\ m=n, \ provided \ x>0 \ and \ x\neq 1