ICSE Board: Suggested Books ICSE Board: Foundation Mathematics
Class 8: Reference Books Class 8: NTSE Preparation
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**Linear Inequation**

Linear inequality is an inequality which involves a linear function and it contains one of the symbols of inequality.

- is less than
- is greater than
- is less than or equal to
- is greater than or equal to
- is not equal to

A linear inequality actually looks exactly like a linear equation , with the inequality sign replacing the equality sign .

Two-dimensional linear inequalities are expressions in 2 variables of the form: where the inequalities may either be strict or not.

A statement of any of the following forms: where and are real numbers and is called a Linear Inequation in .

**Replacement Set or Universal Set:** This is a set which contains all the values of the variable , which would satisfy the inequation.

**Solution Set**: This is a subset of the replacement set which satisfy the given inequation.

**Properties of Inequalities**

__Addition and Subtraction Property__

A common constant c may be added to or subtracted from both sides of an inequality. For any real numbers

Multiplication and Division Property. The property states that for any real numbers,

If , then multiplying or dividing by c does not change the inequality:

If , then multiplying or dividing by inverts the inequality:

Transitive property of inequality states that for any real numbers :

Converse Property: The relations ≤ and ≥ are each other’s converse. For any real numbers

Additive inverse: The properties for the additive inverse state: For any real numbers , negation inverts the inequality:

Multiplicative Inverse: The properties for the multiplicative inverse state:

For any non-zero real numbers that are both positive or both negative:

If anyone of is positive and the other is negative, then:

For any non-zero real numbers :

ICSE Board: Suggested Books ICSE Board: Foundation Mathematics
Class 8: Reference Books Class 8: NTSE Preparation
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